What Do Editors Look for When Reviewing Creative Autoethnography?
The following video explores how the editors at The AutoEthnographer have developed their approach to evaluating creative autoethnography. It was created for presentation at the 2023 ISAN conference. “ISAN will provide scholars and practitioners of all experience levels an opportunity to present their autoethnographic and personal narrative projects”. View our 2022 ISAN video presentation HERE.
What do editors look for when vetting creative autoethnography?
The AutoEthnographer Literary and Arts Magazine is a digital nonprofit dedicated to presenting the creative side of autoethnography. By developing a refereed open source publication featuring evocative personal stories of cultural experience presented in an array of modalities, we aim to support emerging authors and artists to promote cultural diversity and appreciation and to celebrate creative expression as a vehicle for shared understanding and positive change.
As we are not an academic journal, however, one of the more challenging aspects of editing the magazine has been establishing the review process. As such, this presentation will respond to the questions, “What do editors look for when reviewing evocative autoethnography for a non-academic publication and how has this process evolved throughout the magazine’s first year?” Members of the magazine’s editorial board will address the development of our vetting system; the significance of an author or artist’s memo; some of the rhetorical tensions we face when reviewing; and conclude by offering strategies to autoethnographers interested in publication
How has the vetting process evolved?
Due to the various genres of work we receive, we require an author or artist’s memo. This brief discussion contextualizes or explains the submission in relation to autoethnography. “How is this work autoethnographic and which cultures or cultural issues are being addressed?” Here’s an example.
‘The Closet in the Classroom’ (Harrison, 2021) responds to the question what was it like being a queer? Guiding sensei or foreign teacher at the turn of the millennium in Western Japan? Using story to report cultural experience, ‘Closet’ autoethnographically presents the anxieties, choices and progress I made understanding how to construct, reveal, and perform a queer sexual identity in light of my developing teacher identity.”
The editorial process begins with editors reading submissions. They either accept, accept with revision, or reject work. And they provide brief written feedback discussing their appraisal. Initially, there was no rubric or criteria. Our own definitions of autoethnography guided our evaluations. Three readers were assigned to each submission. The author/artist memos helped contextualize the more abstract work such as poetry, video, and performance. Editors agreed to support the development of works that showed promise. This reflected our editorial philosophy of nurturing new authors and artists.
But as our editorial board grew, we realized that we needed a standard rubric for vetting with clear criteria. As of January. 2022 editors began by considering how submissions illustrate the following characteristics of autoethnography as well as its purposes (Figure 1). For example, working from insider knowledge and making work accessible.
Figure 1. Characteristics and purposes of autoethnography.
Consider Holman Jones et al. 4 characteristics of autoethnography:
purposefully commenting on/critiquing of culture and cultural practice;
making contributions to existing research;
embracing vulnerability with purpose;
and creating a reciprocal relationship with audiences in order to compel a response.
Holman Jones et al. also explain that autoethnography can serve 5 purposes as a method:
disrupting norms of research, practice, and representation;
working from insider knowledge;
maneuvering through pain, confusion, anger, and uncertainty, and making life better;
breaking silence reclaiming voice and writing to right;
and making work accessible
However, our experiences in the world of literary publication suggested we had adopted an academic journal approach to editing. Lit mags don’t give feedback, nor do they nurture promising work.
As editor-in-chief, I also began to feel uncomfortable about offering opportunities for writers to revise their compositions. What about folks submitting songs, photos or videos? So, we decided to keep things simple, especially in light of the increase of submissions we were enjoying. No more feedback and no more acceptance with revisions and mentoring. We were going full lit mag style.
We did feel that the memo was key to the success of many of our contributions. As such, we decided that we would request memo revision as needed. And now we’ve moved back to a philosophy of nurturing any submissions that show potential and follow submission guidelines.
What do editors look for when vetting evocative submissions?
Nadine Khair explains, “The magazine takes autoethnography to a different level of freedom, experience and self-expression. It keeps autoethnography, but drops the element of research to allow writers to express themselves in a variety of ways.”
Lina Fe Simoy acknowledges the limitations of some art forms in achieving the full academic autoethnography as a research method. She adds, “The rhetorical tensions can be addressed by the author’s memo which allows the author to address those limitations.”
Editor and poet Jay Meadows establishes that “It is the flash of personality and identity. The moment of healing or deep introspection that I look for. I want to leave a peace feeling like I know the author all the better simply by reading their work.”
Shanita Mitchell offers,”I am looking for narratives that provide compelling, thoughtful, or powerful imagery or commentary in any medium. Accessibility is important in a piece. I look for the narrative to connect and speak to wider themes in society.”
Marlen Harrison emphasizes, “I look to see that the contributor is concerned with a cultural issue. I look to see that cultural inquiry is present in some way. And I also look for a strong memo contextualizing the work as an autoethnography. The memo should clearly define and discuss the cultural issue being examined.”
Odessa Ogo explains, “I look for works that use personal experience to explore culture. I want to see personal experience used as a way to reflect and comment on the cultures that surround us.”
Jessica Gullion concludes, “Mills wrote that we should explore history and biography and the relations between the two within society. History meant the larger social context while biography is the personal story. What I am looking for is how does your story inform the readers about a larger story?
What strategies do we recommend?
Lina Fe Simoy explains, “Whilst respecting the integrity of autoethnography as an established research method, The AutoEthnographer aims to make room for other art forms and acknowledge their autoethnographic value. My advice is to familiarize oneself with creative autoethnography and understand its basic difference from autobiography. Focus on lived experience and explore a meaningful phenomenon whilst remaining faithful to your chosen art form.”
Dilek Islir Hayirli suggests contributors look for “the emotions, feelings and reactions of the researcher towards a specific situation. I would like to see the crisis or dilemma felt if there are any during the research”
Sandra Faulkner writes, “I want to be transported into the world the author has created. I want to forget that I’m reading a submission, and to be completely immersed in the piece.”
Nadine Khair asserts that “the focus is what is behind the words or expression. It is more on the feelings associated with the culturally specific situation. It’s more like living the experience with their writer or artist to understand their perspectives, challenges, experiences, and so on.”
Marlen Harrison explains, “The work should ultimately be a story no matter the medium. And that story should concern a specific cultural issue. Help us understand how that story celebrates, interrogates or illuminates a specific cultural context or phenomenon. This is where you and your lived experience come in.”
“And stories take many forms. Photos, drawings, dance, music, video, art, and performance are all possible modes of autoethnographic storytelling,” adds Marlen.
Harrison, M. (2021). The closet in the classroom. The AutoEthnographer, 1(1). theautoethnographer.com/the-closet-in-the-classroom/
Holman Jones, S, Adams, T., Ellis, C. (2013). Introduction: Coming to know autoethnography as more than a method. In Holman Jones, S., Adams, T. E., Ellis, C. (Eds.), Handbook of autoethnography (pp. 17-47). Walnut Creek, CA: Left Coast Press.
Founder and Editor-in-Chief of The AutoEthnographer, Dr. Marlen Elliot Harrison is an instructor in the fields of English and Education whose autoethnographic writing has appeared in a diverse array of publications including Writing on the Edge, Reflections on English Language Teaching, The Qualitative Report, and Qualitative Research in Psychology. As a journalist, Marlen was the managing editor of the international beauty website, Fragrantica, as well as contributor to publications such as Playboy, Business Insider, The Wall Street Journal, ESL Magazine, The New York Times, Basenotes,The Language Teacher, and Men’s Health. As an academic and cultural researcher, Marlen has enjoyed contributing to projects at Smithsonian’s National Museum of the American Indian, Finland’s University of Jyväskylä, and the Japan Association for Language Teaching. Having taught and guest-lectured at leading institutions such as Doshisha University (Japan), Florida International University (USA), and University of Helsinki (Finland), Marlen is currently pursuing an MFA in Creative Writing from Southern New Hampshire University where he also teaches in the online MA English programs. Having called Japan, UK, Malta, and Finland home, he now lives in Florida with his husband and dog. Learn more at http://marlenharrison.com.
Odessa Ogo is a community college Developmental Composition instructor whose initial foray into the world of autoethnographies opened her mind's eye to a new sense of self and provided fodder for upcoming writing projects and new ways to engage her (at times) reluctant students. Using autoethnography, her master's thesis explored her experiences as part of the CHamoru diaspora and the effects of colonization on CHamoru culture. She received her MA in English from Southern New Hampshire University. Her research interests include ethnic studies, food, food and culture, cultural studies, and autoethnography.
Shanita Mitchell currently serves as the Assistant Director for the Rappahannock Scholars Program at the University of Mary Washington. Since graduating from UMW with her B.A. in 2012, she has continued to pursue her passion for providing underserved and underrepresented student populations with college access opportunities and scholarships by working in and with the Office of Admissions, Financial Aid, and serving as the advisor for various multicultural and performance organizations on campus. That same passion recently led Shanita to acquire her M.A. in English from Southern New Hampshire University with the intent to expand beyond the administrative side of higher ed and into the classroom. Shanita also works as a dance instructor at The Courthouse School of Ballet and Umbiance Dance Studio. In her spare time, Shanita enjoys portrait painting, amateur photography, costuming, video editing, and advancing her study of Black feminist thought, Critical Race Theory, and autoethnography as a meaningful expression of self.
Dilek İşler-Hayırlı is currently working as an English Language Instructor at the Department of Basic English, at Ankara Yıldırım Beyazıt University. She completed her master’s degree at the Department of Turkish Folkloristics at Hacettepe University with a thesis called Cultural and Educational Aspect of Toy and Play Museums in Turkey in Terms of Intangible Cultural Heritage Museology which was later turned into a book in Turkish. She is the editorial assistant of an international journal named Culture Academy (https://www.academyculture.com/) which is a peer-reviewed journal of cultural science and management research. Her research areas are cultural heritage, toy and play museums, autoethnography, village ethnography, monographies and memory.
She translated many social-cultural anthropology books from English to Turkish language among which are Franz Boas’ The Mind of Primitive Man, Robert Lavenda and Emily Schultz’s Core Concepts of Cultural Anthropology and a couple of others in various subjects like Sarah Fels Usher’s What is This Thing Called Love? which are right now in publication process. She is conducting her PhD studies at the Department of Folkloristics at Ankara University. With her husband cultural anthropologist Dr. Onur Hayırlı, she is conducting a village monography project with Aliağa Municipality in İzmir as a result of which a series of books documenting the tangible and intangible cultural heritage of the village will be written and which will turn into an autoethnographic PhD dissertation. She is very happy for being introduced to autoethnographic method of Ellis, Bochner and Adams by her supervisor Prof. Dr. Serpil Aygün Cengiz. She is happily living with her two cats, Alya and Timi, and her husband in Ankara, the capital of Turkey.
Sandra L. Faulkner is professor of communication at Bowling Green State University where she writes, teaches and researches about close relationships. Her interests include qualitative methodology, poetic inquiry, and the relationships among culture, identities, and sexualities in close relationships. Her research focuses on how individuals navigate gender and sexuality through interpersonal communication and personal narrative. She often uses poetry, creative nonfiction, and autoethnography to explore her own negotiation of identity as a parent, partner, and professor. She received the 2013 Knower Outstanding Article Award from the National Communication Association, the 2016 Norman K. Denzin Qualitative Research Award, and the 2020 Trujillo and Goodall “It’s a Way of Life Award” in Narrative Ethnography. https://www.sandrafaulkner.online/ and https://bgsu.academia.edu/SandraFaulkner
Jessica Smartt Gullion, PhD, is Associate Dean of Research for the College of Arts and Sciences at Texas Woman’s University. She is also Professor of Sociology and Affiliate Faculty of Multicultural Women’s and Gender Studies. She teaches a variety of courses on qualitative research methods. She has published more than 35 peer-reviewed journal articles and book chapters. Her writing has appeared in such journals as the International Review of Qualitative Research, the Journal of Applied Social Science, and Qualitative Inquiry. Her essays and Op-Eds have appeared in a variety of outlets, including Newsweek, The Conversation, Alternet, and Inside Higher Ed, and she is regularly quoted by national media. Her books include: Doing Ethnography (forthcoming); Qualitative Research in Health and Illness (forthcoming); Researching With: A Decolonizing Approach to Community-Based Action Research; Diffractive Ethnography: Social Science and the Ontological Turn; Writing Ethnography; Fracking the Neighborhood: Reluctant Activists and Natural Gas Drilling; October Birds: A Novel about Pandemic Influenza, Infection Control, and First Responders; Redefining Disability; In Sickness and in Health: Sociological Perspectives on Healthcare; and Voices in Sociology: An Introduction to the Core Concepts.
Jacob Meadows is known by many as Jay, but will publish as Jacob. He is a gay man in small town South Carolina, fighting the good fight through poetry, prose, and local activism. He received his MA in Creative Writing from Southern New Hampshire University in 2020 and his MA in English from SNHU in 2021. You can begin following his continued journey through Margaret Atwood's "The Handmaid's Tale" by reading his column, "Jay and June: A Walk Through Gilead," premiering in August 2021! You can find him on Facebook and Instagram @readJacobMeadows.
Dr. Nadine Khair is an assistant professor in marketing and is currently the department head at the American University of Madaba. She completed her PhD in the UK and specialised in international marketing, consumer behaviour and fashion marketing. She also pursued her bachelors and master’s degree in international business and marketing at Hagan School of Business, New York. She previously occupied different positions, such as Marketing and Sales Team leader with Estee-Lauder in New York and Sales & Marketing Manager /Assistant Operation Manager at Jordanian Coast Cargo in Jordan. Her research interests articulate around international marketing, consumer behaviour, fashion marketing, gender-related studies, ethnography and auto-ethnography.
Executive Director of Media Development & Editorial Board Member at The AutoEthnographer.
Currently pursuing a PhD in Global Communication at Bangkok University, Lina obtained a master’s degree in Development Communication and a bachelor’s degree in Communication Arts from the University of the Philippines. Her research interests include sustainable communication, autoethnography, dramaturgical framing, women’s leadership development, social media environments, and development communication. She currently serves as the Asia Pacific Regional Director for a global executive search firm, and as a Leadership Development Mentor & Interview Leader at Wedu – a non-profit organization supporting young women from Asia in their leadership development. She recently collaborated with “WERise x SheDisrupts Philippines 2022” and "SheDisrupts Indonesia 2023" – an annual venture competition, mentorship and pre-acceleration program for women-led, social-impact startups. Her project on digital training and work-from-home readiness was awarded with seed funding at the 2021 U.S.-ASEAN Innovation Circle Grassroots Competition (“Sustainable Human Capital Supply in the Digital Economy” category). Lina is passionate about theater arts, which she practiced for 15 years. She is currently serving as PhD Ambassador in Thailand for the International Association for Media and Communication Research (www.iamcr.org). She recently got admitted to Jönköping University taking a doctoral course in Sustainable Communication. She lives between Thailand and China with her husband, Edoardo.